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how much is refractory materials journal

  • Refractory Material - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

    Refractory materials that keep their chemical and physical strength at temperatures above 500 °C are of high importance for metallurgical and other industrial processes. They consist of alumina, magnesia, silica, lime, and other metal oxides. Global production for the metal, glass, and ceramics industries is about 12 million metric tons.

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  • International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard

    The International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials (IJRMHM) publishes original research articles concerned with all aspects of refractory metals and hard materials. Refractory metals are defined as metals with melting points higher than 1800 °C.

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  • International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard

    The International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials (IJRMHM) publishes original research articles concerned with all aspects of refractory metals and hard materials. Refractory metals are defined as metals with melting points higher than 1800 °C. These are tungsten, molybdenum, chromium, tantalum, niobium, hafnium, and rhenium ...

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  • Refractories and Industrial Ceramics | Home

    2021-3-1 · The bi-monthly journal Refractories and Industrial Ceramics publishes peer-reviewed articles on the latest developments and discoveries in the field of refractory materials and ceramics, focusing on the practical aspects of their production and use. Coverage includes: Scientific Research; Raw Materials; Production; Equipment; Heat Engineering and Applications.

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  • International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard

    2021-4-19 · CiteScore: 5.5 ℹ CiteScore: 2020: 5.5 CiteScore measures the average citations received per peer-reviewed document published in this title. CiteScore values are based on citation counts in a range of four years (e.g. 2016-2019) to peer-reviewed documents (articles, reviews, conference papers, data papers and book chapters) published in the same four calendar years, divided by the number of ...

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  • Combustion synthesis of refractory and hard materials: A ...

    This international journal publishes papers concerned with all aspects of the science, technology and application of refractory metals and hard materials. New technological developments now enlarge the scope to cover those metals with melting points around 2000 degrees Centigrade and higher, with similar powder metallurgical production and fields of application.

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  • Combustion joining of refractory materials:

    2013-10-15 · in upper and center parts, and much un-reacted Ti remained at the bot-tom(Fig.2).Itwasproposedthat,theformationofTiNwasful filledbya Fig. 1. SEM image of nano-sized β-SiC powders prepared by combustion synthesis in N 2. G. Liu et al. Int. Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials 39 (2013) 90–102 91

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  • FURNACES AND REFRACTORIES - Modern Eq

    Refractory materials such as carbon possess properties that make joining them difficult. In this work, bonding of a carbon–carbon composite is achieved by employing self-sustained, oxygen-free, high-temperature combustion reactions.

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  • Recycling of refractory bricks used in basic

    2019-9-4 · Refractory chamber constructed of insulating materials to retain heat at high operating temperatures. Hearth to support or carry the steel, which consists of refractory materials supported by a steel structure, part of which is water-cooled. Burners that use liquid or gaseous fuels to raise and maintain the temperature in the chamber.

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  • Int. Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials

    2020-11-29 · 138 Q. Zhou, P. Chen Int. Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials 52 (2015) 137–142 The relationship between the preheating temperature and final densities is shown in Fig. 4.

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  • Int. Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials

    Z. Guo-jun et al. Int. Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials 29 (2011) 608–613 609 Mo-0.3Si alloy which annealed at 1050 °C for 1 hour exhibit fracture surface different from other samples, as seen in Fig. 4(d), the sample

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  • Combustion joining of refractory materials:

    Refractory materials such as carbon possess properties that make joining them difficult. In this work, bonding of a carbon–carbon composite is achieved by employing self-sustained, oxygen-free, high-temperature combustion reactions.

    Get Price
  • Int. Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials

    2021-1-22 · S. Bolokang et al./Int. Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials xxx (2009) xxx–xxx 3 ARTICLE IN PRESS Please cite this article in press as: Bolokang S et al. Effect of C and milling parameters on the synthesis of WC powders by mechanical alloying.

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  • CALDERYS INDIA REFRACTORY ISSUES AND CHALLENGES

    2015-10-28 · Refractory materials are used to provide refractory lining in furnaces, kilns, incinerators, and reactors. These materials have a high melting point (greater than 1,520 degree Celsius). They are subjected to various conditions such as high temperature, abrasions and chemical corrosions, slag . AIMA Journal of Management & Research, ...

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  • Chemistry of Vaporization of Refractory Materials,

    1975-7-1 · Chemistry of Vaporization of Refractory Materials Chemistry of Vaporization of Refractory Materials GILLES, PAUL W. 1975-07-01 00:00:00 Most recently the practical importance of high temperature vaporization reactions has appeared in the synthesis of pure materials through vapor transport reactions and in the study of the movement of materials in nuclear power reactor experiments.

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  • Metals | Special Issue : Advanced Refractory Alloys

    Metals is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI. Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English.

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  • Corrosion of refractory materials in iron-containing

    The corrosion resistance of various refractory materials in an iron-containing glass melt is investigated. It is established that an increase in the melt temperature and iron concentration insubstantially affects the corrosion rate in KhATs-30 refractory but noticeably influences the rate of destruction of BK-33 refractory. The KhaTs-30 and Kor-95 refractories are shown to possess much higher ...

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  • THE REVERSIBLE THERMAL EXPANSION OF

    ABSTRACT The reversible thermal expansion from 15–1000°C was measured for kaolin, siliceous and aluminous fire clays, quartzite, alumina, magnesia, and carborundum, after preliminary burnings at cones 06, 9, 14 and 20, and as well as for English commercial silica bricks before and after use in a coke oven and the roof of a steel furnace. Kaolin and bauxitic fire clay after calcination have ...

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  • Development and exploration of refractory high

    2018-10-1 · Open literature publications, in the period from 2010 to the end of January 2018, on refractory high entropy alloys (RHEAs) and refractory complex concentrated alloys (RCCAs) are reviewed. While RHEAs, by original definition, are alloys consisting of five or more principal elements with the concentration of each of these elements between 5 and 35 at.%, RCCAs can contain three or …

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  • International Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials

    2018-9-21 · International Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials ... aState Key Laboratory of Superhard Materials, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China bCenter for High Pressure Science & Technology Advanced Research (HPSTAR), China cSchool of Physical Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450052, China

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  • Int. Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials

    2015-3-13 · Int. Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials 27 (2009) 256–260 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect ... balt content could be as much as 100%. The discrepancy between Eq. (1) and experiments was attributed to the assumption of the linear relationship between P m and 1/d. This assumption may be

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  • Int. Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials

    2011-2-22 · 16 T. Polcar, A. Cavaleiro/Int. Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials 28 (2010) 15–22. 3.1.2. Hardness, residual stress, and adhesion The evolution of the residual stress and the hardness as a func-tion of the nitrogen content in W–N coatings, depicted in Fig. 3, fol-

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  • The American Ceramic Society and The Ceramic and Glass ...

    1975-7-1 · Chemistry of Vaporization of Refractory Materials Chemistry of Vaporization of Refractory Materials GILLES, PAUL W. 1975-07-01 00:00:00 Most recently the practical importance of high temperature vaporization reactions has appeared in the synthesis of pure materials through vapor transport reactions and in the study of the movement of materials in nuclear power reactor experiments.

    Get Price
  • Int. Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials

    2020-11-29 · 138 Q. Zhou, P. Chen Int. Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials 52 (2015) 137–142 The relationship between the preheating temperature and final densities is shown in Fig. 4.

    Get Price
  • Int. Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials

    Z. Guo-jun et al. Int. Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials 29 (2011) 608–613 609 Mo-0.3Si alloy which annealed at 1050 °C for 1 hour exhibit fracture surface different from other samples, as seen in Fig. 4(d), the sample

    Get Price
  • Recent advances in silica-alumina refractory: A review

    2019-3-20 · C. Sadik et al. Journal of Asian Ceramic Societies 2 (2014) 83–96 (basic) and to the high temperature generated in the process. In the aluminum industry, the refractory property requirements are quite differentfromthatofsteelmaking.Althoughthetemperature of aluminum refining and alloying process is much lower than for steel,

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  • INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC &

    2015-2-14 · Erosion resistance is a critical criterion for refractory selection. Potential for severe erosion in the cyclones and transfer lines requires that special erosion-resistant materials be used in these areas. ASTM test C-704 is a commonly-used procedure for evaluating the relative erosion resistance of refractory materials.

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  • Full Paper – ISNNM 2020

    2021-2-28 · International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials (IJRMHM) Instructions for submission Please make sure that authors are provided with the following information when you send out invitation letters and/or

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  • The American Ceramic Society and The Ceramic and Glass ...

    2019-9-13 · other side since there is so much insulating air in between. Tiles, similar to the ceramic refractory brick used in this demo, were used on the outside of the space shuttle to protect the ship and crew from the >1200°C temperatures achieved on reentry into Earth’s atmosphere (Figure 1). Metals can also be refractory materials.

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  • Ceramics and Glass in Industry | The American

    By definition, refractories are materials that are capable of withstanding operating conditions of 1,000°C or greater. Although approximately 80% of the refractory market is accounted for by the metallurgical sector (for processing of both ferrous and non-ferrous metals), these products also find application in other industries such as glass ...

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  • » About usintco GmbH | refractory products &

    INTCO represents refractory competence. We are recognised worldwide for reliable refractory solutions to the glass industry – in particular in our branch fused cast materials. Our materials set standards regarding quality, functionality and lifetime. They can be found everywhere where highest quality glass products are produced.

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  • The Clinical Characteristics and Predictors of

    2016-5-26 · Objective To analyze the clinical characteristics of refracory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (RMPP), and explore the related factors predicting RMPP. Methods Retrospective analysis was performed on 634 children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) hospitalized in our hospital between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2014. The clinical features, laboratory data, …

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  • Creep, fatigue, and fracture behavior of high-entropy ...

    2018-7-10 · A. Uniaxial creep Creep of the Al 0.15 CoCrFeNi and Al 0.6 CoCrFeNi HEAs was explored by employing the uniaxial stress-relaxation tests. Reference Youssef, Zaddach, Niu, Irving and Koch 11 The HEA samples, with a diameter of 5 mm and a gauge length of 25 mm, were loaded up to a strain of 0.2% at a loading rate of 8 × 10 −5 s −1 and temperature of 580–700 °C (0.3–0.5 T m, where T m is ...

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  • International Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials

    International Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials ... materials, lengthy process, low productivity, etc. Thus, a facile, low-cost, time-saving and scalable route to fabricate W nanopowder remains a practically pressing and technologically challenging task.

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  • International Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials

    2017-12-11 · J. Luković et al. International Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials 72 (2018) 9–14 11. sintered solids were examined using a Tescan Vega TS 5130MM scan-ning electron microscope coupled by EDS Oxford Instruments INCA PentaFET-x3. The porosity percentage of samples was calculated by the

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  • Int. Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials

    2009-2-20 · 314 A.D. Krawitz et al./Int. Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials 27 (2009) 313–316. is the same at each level. There is hysteresis and a decrease in the residual stress of the system at each load level. Three cycles is insufficient for the changes in residual stress to reach the plateaus

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  • An Expert's Overview of Refractory | Inspectioneering

    2016-8-25 · Refractory materials have significantly evolved during the past 15 years, testing technology is much more sophisticated, and the need for test technicians to be properly trained and experienced to use that technology is much more important than it...

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  • THE REVERSIBLE THERMAL EXPANSION OF

    The reversible thermal expansion from 15–1000°C was measured for kaolin, siliceous and aluminous fire clays, quartzite, alumina, magnesia, and carborundum, after preliminary burnings at cones 06, 9, 14 and 20, and as well as for English commercial silica bricks before and after use in a coke oven and the roof of a steel furnace. Kaolin and bauxitic fire clay after calcination have a regular ...

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  • Oxidation Behavior between 700 and 1300 °C of

    Higher Al content renders the alloy more resistant to oxidation. The AlTiZrNbHfTa alloy exhibits a mass gain twice of that of conventional Ni‐based alloys at 1100 °C for 1 h, but much less than Nb refractory alloys because an Al‐containing oxide on the surface layer provides a partial barrier against oxidation between 700 and 1100 °C.

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  • The Use of Zirconia as a Refractory Material | Nature

    THE Transactions of the Ceramic Society, vol. xvi., part i., contain an interesting article by Mr. J. A. Audley on the above title. This substance, Zr02, occurs somewhat widely distributed ...

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  • The Potential of Geopolymer as High Quality

    The objective of this research is to investigate the potential of geopolymers produced from fly ash, metakaolin and clay as high quality refractory. Geopolymers were synthesized through alkaline activation method and cured at 70°C for 1 hour. The samples were subjected to various characterizations such as compressive and flexural strength, fire resistance and shock thermal measurements.

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  • Microstructural characteristics of commercial purity W

    Journal: International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials Issue Date: 2013 Abstract(summary): The microstructures of four kinds of commercial tungsten materials have been investigated. The W-1% La2O3 alloys with the rolling or forging state have a much better microstructure than pure tungsten as sintered or rolled state because the ...

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  • Refractory Concrete Material Essay 1920 Words Cram

    1 天前 · Refractory Concrete Material Essay - 1920 Words | CramRefractory Concrete Tutorial - Recipe and Instructions Mixing heat resistant mortar without using a concrete mixer Heat resistant refractory …

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